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Oregon Drug Addiction

 

Drug abuse is a serious problem that affects people from all walks of life. From legal substances like alcohol to prescription and illicit drugs like heroin and OxyContin, people misuse and overuse a wide range of psychoactive substances. Oregon drug addiction is a growing problem that requires careful analysis and treatment, including medical detox, rehabilitation and aftercare support programs. Common drugs of addiction include marijuana, heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine. If you or anyone you know is living with Oregon drug addiction, it’s important to seek professional help as soon as possible.

 

Street Drug Categories

A wide range of illegal street drugs are available across the United States, most of which fall into three categories. Central nervous system (CNS) depressants include all substances that lower neurotransmission levels and reduce stimulation. Illegal CNS depressants include marijuana, heroin, and all prescription opiates and benzodiazepines purchased on the black market. CNS stimulants have the opposite effect, enhancing neurotransmission levels and improving stimulation. Stimulants include powder cocaine, crack cocaine and MDMA. The third class of illegal drugs are known as hallucinogens, which are known to cause perception anomalies and changes to thinking and emotional patterns. Hallucinogens include the powerful psychedelic LSD, magic mushrooms and DMT. While hallucinogens can cause physical and psychological problems, they are not typically associated with physical or psychological dependence.

 

What is Drug Abuse?

People abuse psychoactive substances in many ways, with the substance in question greatly influencing abuse patterns. Generally speaking, drug abuse involves the repeated consumption of psychoactive substances despite adverse consequences. While most drug abuse involves the misuse or overuse of certain compounds, it has been argued that all illegal drug consumption is abusive by nature due to unknown purity levels and potential contamination. People who abuse drugs on a regular basis are at great risk of becoming dependent, with physical and psychological dependence both possible. Physical dependence involves the experience of physical-somatic withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use, including headaches, nausea, seizures and tremors. Psychological dependence is accompanied by an emotional-motivational syndrome, which involves drug cravings, depression, and lack of motivation. Heroin and other opiates are known to cause physical addiction, while most other street drugs are associated with mental addiction.

 

What is Drug Addiction?

In order for something to be addictive, it has to be both intrinsically rewarding and positively reinforcing. A number of psychoactive substances meet this criteria, with people seeking repeated exposure due to the perceived benefits of involvement. While drug addiction shares many similarities with drug abuse, addiction is defined by tolerance and the existence of withdrawal symptoms when drug use is stopped. Drug addicts are also likely to experience severe drug cravings, compulsive use patterns, and other forms of psychological attachment. It’s important to note the difference between dependence and addiction, two terms which are close but not identical. For example, a psychiatric patient can become dependent on their medication without being addicted, a state which also requires psychological attachment and uncontrolled use patterns.

 

Street Drug Statistics in Oregon

Illegal street drugs are a major problem across the United States, and Oregon is certainly no exception. According to figures from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 12 percent of Oregon citizens reported using illegal substances at some point during the past month. This is much more than the national average of 8 percent, with the rate of drug-induced fatalities in the state also bigger than the U.S. average. These figures put Oregon in the top 10 U.S. states with regard to illicit drug use, with Oregon ranking first for the past-month use of illegal drugs other than marijuana among 12–17 year olds and past month illegal drug use among people 26 years and over. Despite these worrying statistics, a lack of detox and rehab facilities has been noted throughout the state. Marijuana represents the primary reason for treatment admission, followed by stimulants, heroin, other opiates and cocaine.

 

Marijuana

Marijuana is a special preparation of the cannabis plant, and it is the main reason for drug treatment admissions in the state of Oregon. Marijuana is a CNS depressant with relaxant and euphoric qualities, with people smoking or eating this drug for recreational and spiritual reasons. While marijuana has been legalized or decriminalized in many states, it is still an illegal substance across much of the country. Marijuana is not physically addictive, with medication treatment largely ineffective and rehab typically consisting of counseling and psychotherapy sessions.

 

Heroin

Heroin is a potent CNS depressant and opioid widely available on the black market and abused as a recreational drug. Heroin is associated with a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome, with typical symptoms including nausea, vomiting, headaches, tremors, seizures, abdominal cramping and involuntary limb movements. A combination of medication treatment and psychotherapy is needed to break the bonds of heroin addiction, both during detox and rehabilitation. A medical detox period typically marks the start of the treatment process, with opiate replacement therapy sometimes needed on a long-term basis. Residential and outpatient rehab are both available to treat heroin addiction, followed by aftercare support programs and relapse prevention regimens.

 

Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine is an illegal stimulant taken by people to increase energy levels, enhance mental focus and improve sexual desire. Also known simply as meth, this drug represents a huge problem in the U.S. While meth is a CNS stimulant that is not associated with physical withdrawal symptoms, it is highly addictive. People who are trying to break free from meth are likely to experience severe emotional and motivational withdrawal symptoms, including drug cravings, insomnia, lack of motivation, changes to sleeping and eating patterns, anxiety and depression. Medications are largely ineffective when treating meth addiction, with most treatment programs based on behavioral therapy and relapse prevention.

 

Don’t let drug addiction take over your life. Call a treatment facility in Oregon today to turn your life around and feel whole again.